16 facts about Turkey that will surprise even those who rest here every year
Many of us who every year go to Turkey to the sea with their children know the country only from one side. We decided to go a little further …
We decided to go a little further than the tour operator catalog and found some amazing, and sometimes incredible facts about the history and modernity of Turkey. They impressed us. We hope that you too …
1. Turkey has the largest and oldest shopping center in the world.
The Grand Bazaar of Istanbul, or the Grand Bazaar, or Kapalı Çarşı, was built in 1455 shortly after the Ottomans conquered Constantinople. Over the centuries, it has expanded to 61 streets, which have more than 3,000 stores with a total area of almost 100,000 square meters. meters No one has ever been able to bypass them all, but this did not prevent the Grand Bazaar from becoming the No. 1 tourist attraction according to Travel + Leisure in 2014. Then he was visited by 91 million people.
2. In Turkey, you can serve chicken for dessert
Ottoman specialty tavuk Goksu is a pudding with chicken breast. This is a rather unobvious mixture of boiled poultry, milk and sugar, flavored with cinnamon. And no matter how strange such a combination might look, the dish turns out really tasty.
3. In Turkey, a record set of historical monuments
In Turkey, there are 18 sites included in the UNESCO World Heritage List. Another 44 are pending approval. Here and the Mesolithic temple Göbekli Tepe, and the biblical city of Ephesus, and the battlefields of the First World War Gallipoli. All this allows Turkey to occupy the 6th place in the list of the most visited countries in the world.
4. Santa Claus hails from Turkey
Saint Nicholas was born far from the North Pole, in the ancient Lycian city of Patara. And he is not the only saint with ties to Turkey. The House of the Virgin Mary could be near Ephesus, St. Paul hails from the southern city of Tarsus (Nune Tarsus). As for other biblical characters, the prophet Abraham was born in the ancient city of Sanliurfa, and after the flood, Noah left his famous ark somewhere in the area of Mount Ararat.
5. Here is one of the largest beaches in the world where turtles nest
Iztuzu Beach, located west of Fethiye, is the main breeding ground for sea turtles, which are known to be endangered. Turtles arrive here from May to October to lay eggs. About 300 nests are dug on the beach every year. Thanks to a government decree, tourism has been able to balance and protect this most valuable natural resource. And, by the way, directly on the coast of Patara there is the longest beach on the Mediterranean Sea – almost 20 km of untouched white sand dunes.
6. Turkey, not Holland, presented the world with tulips
It is not known where the first tulips were grown, but it is known that the Ottomans popularized this flower and contributed to its appearance in Europe. Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent personally brought bulb flowers to Holland, causing a real tulpomania in the middle of the 17th century. In the Netherlands, bulbs were bought at a price of 6,000 florins, with an average annual income of 150. Other goods for which Europe is indebted to Turkey are coffee and cherry.
7. More than 130 mountain peaks reach a height of 3,000 meters.
Do not be deceived by the mild subtropical climate on the shores of the Mediterranean. In Turkey, a lot of impressive mountain ranges. In winter, skiers and snowboarders can ride on the slopes of almost a dozen resorts. Palandoken in the eastern province of Erzurum is the highest in Turkey with peaks of 3,125 meters. The resort also claims to be the owner of the longest natural ski trail in Europe.
8. Istanbul hosts spectacular art events.
The Istanbul Biennale International is held once every two years. In 2019, the exhibition will be the 16th, and the organizers are still keeping the topic secret. Each time the Biennale collects more than 500,000 visitors. She is one of the best in the world of modern art.
9. In Turkey, you can cross the continents underground
Istanbul could be considered the largest city in Europe, but half of it is actually located in Asia. More than a century after the Sultan began to dream of a railway connection under the Bosphorus, Turkey opened just such a Marmaray metro line in 2013. In the former imperial city is also located the funicular, which is the second oldest underground railway after London.
10. Turkey can be considered the birthplace of agriculture.
Historians believe that agriculture appeared in these lands about 11,000 years ago.