Turkish Airlines (Turkish Airlines) serves all major Turkish cities, including the most intense destinations of Istanbul and Ankara. You can also use the services of other airlines, such as Onur Air, Fly Air, Pegasus Airlines and Atlas Jet. The main airports in Turkey are Esenboga in Ankara, Ataturk in Istanbul, Adnan Menderes in Izmir and Sabiha Gokcen forty kilometers from Istanbul.
The best way to get to and from the airport is by Havas or Dolmushi buses (small route taxis) – it will be much cheaper than taking a taxi.
The bus network in Turkey is well developed, the buses are comfortable, and the fare is relatively low (for 100 km – from 2 to 5 dollars), so an 8-hour journey from Istanbul to. Ankara (450 km) will cost you $ 15 – $ 30, depending on the bus company (and if you buy a ticket for a night flight, you can save on a hotel, and even cooler at night).
The best in terms of price with the level of service are the companies Ulusoy and Varan (www.ulusoy.com.tr/eng, www.varan.com.tr)
Also, one of the most famous companies METRO (www.metroturizm.com.tr), which has a great new transport, auto-routes work on the routes, water is poured on the way.
The Turkish railway connects many cities in Turkey, but there are no high-speed trains in the country, so this journey will take longer than a bus. It is recommended to travel only by high-speed trains that run between Ankara, Istanbul and Izmir. They are comfortable and relatively inexpensive.
The station name does not always coincide with the name of the city, so if you need Istanbul, you should look for the name Haydarpasa (Haydarpasa) and Sirkeci (Sirkeci) – stations in the Asian and European parts of the city, in the case of Izmir – these are Basmane (Basmane) and Alsancak ( Alsandzhak).
The pride of the Turkish railway is the high-speed train Fatih Ekspresi (Fatih Ekspresi), which circulates between Istanbul and Ankara, with first-class Pullman cars, video and lunch service right on the spot (as on a plane). Express leaves at 10:30 and arrives at 18:00, which is faster than most buses.
Tickets for all high-speed trains must be ordered or bought in advance (at least a few days). Discounts: return tickets (Gidis-Dunus – Gidis-Dunyush) – 20%, for students and couples – from 20 to 30%.
Turkish Railways website www.tcdd.gov.tr/tcdding/index.htm.
Speed limits: in the city – 50 km / h, outside the city – 90 km / h.
There are few highways, most roads have two lanes and wind along serpentines along hillsides. You should be especially careful at night, cars can drive without lights on and can stop right in the middle of the road.
Gasoline happens – normal (normal), super (syuper) and kursunsuz (kurshunsuz). Petrol stations are everywhere (only in the eastern regions of Anatolia there can be difficulties with finding them). Many stations operate until late at night or around the clock, so refueling problems will not cause, at least on major highways.
The Turkish Sea Lines Company (TML) operates ferry flights along the shores of the Marmara, Aegean and Mediterranean Seas on the route Istanbul – Izmir (19 hours – $ 20) – Kusadasi – Marmaris – Fethiye – Antalya – Alanya and back.
From late May to September, the company flies along the Black Sea coast from Istanbul to Trabzon ($ 30- $ 85). In addition, TML organizes a ferry service from Turkish port cities to Greek islands (Lesbos, Chios, Samos, Rhodes, Cyprus).