All about Turkey
In the resorts of the Aegean coast of Turkey, the climate is mild Mediterranean, where the humidity never exceeds 35%, the heat is softened by the refreshing sea breezes, and the healing mountain air is saturated with essential oils. The unique climate is ideal even for people with asthmatic, bronchial diseases. The best time to rest is from May to October. Summer air temperature fluctuates within +30 – 35 degrees Celsius, and water warms up to 26 degrees, which allows you to truly enjoy all the pleasures of the best beach holiday.
On the Antalya coast of the Mediterranean, the climate is subtropical Mediterranean, with mild, rainy winters, dry and hot summers. The tourist summer season starts from the end of April and lasts until the end of November, by the middle of summer the air warms up to 40 degrees Celsius, and the water temperature – to 27-28 degrees. In truth, the “velvet season” on this coast lasts from August to October, when the summer heat gradually passes, the water temperature reaches the ideal comfortable level.
The ski season in Turkey at the resorts begins in early December and ends in March. Erzurum is characterized by a mountainous, continental climate, with large fluctuations in daily temperatures. Located so high (min. 1700 m) above sea level, Erzurum is the coldest region in Turkey, with the longest ski season. In the region of Uludag (35 km. From Bursa), the climate is continental with a south-westerly wind direction. The duration of the ski season is 5 months, but the most favorable season for skiing is the period from December 15 to March 1.
For sightseeing tours and exciting trips around the country – the season lasts all year round!
By January 2015, the official number of Turkish residents reached the figure: 76,828,000 people. The bulk of the population is Turks (78%), close to 11% of the inhabitants are Kurds and, about 4 million inhabitants are Greeks. The rest of the population of Turkey are Arabs, Armenians, Jews, Circassians and other small ethnic groups.
The state language is Turkish, locally, in some regions Kurdish, Azerbaijani, Gagauz, Kabardian and others are used. All writing is based on the Latin alphabet (writing in Arabic in Arabic is prohibited by law). Amazing fact: in the depths of the country, in some settlements, a unique and most ancient language is used to this day – Aramian, the language of Jesus Christ!
English, French are widely spoken in tourist regions (Istanbul, Ankara, Antalya and Aegean coasts), and most of the merchants in the resort area of Antalya, Marmaris and certain districts of Istanbul speak Russian quite well, which allows tourists to travel with comfort and makes communication much easier with the local population.