Turkish history
The first great civilization in Turkey was the Hittite civilization, who worshiped the sun goddess and the storm god. The Hittites inhabited Anatolia from the Middle Bronze Age (1900-1600 BC),…

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Turkey. Izmir Historical monuments in Izmir.
Izmir, the second most important city of Turkey, and neighboring resorts on the Aegean Sea coast is a popular summer holiday destination for Ukrainians. Some of them, resting on the…

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Istanbul: on both sides of the Golden Horn
If you are a special travel gourmet, then the first time in Istanbul is best to come by ship from the Black Sea. Bosphorus enchants in any weather. Ancient fortresses…

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Cappadocia This is Turkey

Cappadocia No words to describe it all! Maybe call it the eighth wonder of the world? Or a miracle of the East? Or maybe this unparalleled gift from Anatolian land, presented to it by geological collisions ?! No matter how it is called, and in order not to say, one thing is clear that Kapadokiya is a unique natural phenomenon, causing more and more deep emotions and delight, this is something that you definitely need to see!

This magical edge of the earth arose millions of years ago as a result of the eruption of ancient volcanoes such as Erciyes, Mount Hasan and Melendiz, which led to the hydrogenous deposition of tuff, and then for many centuries by wind and rainfall to the erosion of these layers, layers, turning all this is a miracle! In this variety of shapes and colors! This is Kapadokiya! The underground churches created by the first groups of Roman churches and settled here by Christians, rock churches adorned with extraordinary frescoes, and along with that dug-out like mazes, rocky peaks girdled on four sides by numerous cave dwellings created by nature and man, the work — that is Kapadokia! To inspect this area requires at least one week. But even one day is enough to have a clear idea of ​​this land.

Cappadocia UNDERGROUND TOWNS
If you go along the trade route connecting East with the West, or along the route of the Arab troops to Byzantium, it becomes obvious that Cadadocia between VII-XII centuries witnessed many invasions. Naturally, the Christian communities settled here, trying to hide from the enemy, built these underground towns, the largest of which are Kaimakly and Derinkuyu, as well as about ten small and large settlements similar to each other. If you pay attention to their size, Derinkuyu is the biggest among them. This town was founded at a depth of XIII meters, has more than 1,200 rooms and, in case of impending danger, can accommodate more than 10,000 people. Kaymakly are at a depth of 8 meters and have as many rooms.

Cappadocia CHAPTERS OF THE CHURCH
The interesting rock church itself is located in an open-air museum, and the other, adorned with beautiful frescoes, is carved into the rock in the village of avuš. In general, there are many around. At one time, Orthodox, Muslim-minded, began to destroy all the icons and frescoes, with the result that at the end of the epoch, and the so-called epoch of “iconization”, during the entire XIV century, these wall paintings endured thorough destruction. Being indisputable facts of history, the destruction will now be restored by the Ministry of Culture of the Republic of Turkey with the assistance of UNESCO. Wall paintings and frescoes of churches tell about the life of Jesus Christ and the events of that period, and are interpreted on the basis of the Christian-Orthodox religion.

Cappadocia FORTS OR ATTACHED TO ROCKS OF FORTRESS
Due to private invasions of Kapadokia, three fortresses were scraped out of the tuff in the form of a labyrinth in order to defend themselves in three cliffs. They are surrounded by rock houses and dovecotes, which serve as an excellent object for numerous photographs.

Cappadocia Valleys
Among the many beautiful valleys, the most attractive and worth visiting are Ihlara, Zelve, Avchylar, Soghanly, Derbent, Kilichlar, Ashyklar, Guvenchelik and Kyzyl. However, besides those listed in the zone there are about 30 delightful valleys. In these beautiful valleys, formed as a result of natural changes, each of which has both visual and historical significance, chapels of priests, cave churches, hollowed dwellings, chimneys are located … If you have not inspected all this, consider that you have not seen Cappadocia. In addition, there are organized rides on donkeys, horses and even on balloons.

Cappadocia KADADOKI EVENINGS
If it is still light and there is a full moon in the sky, watching the sunset from the Kyzyl Valley, start your walk from the Derbent Valley, or some other valley. You will witness the incredibly beautiful evening landscapes, having received great aesthetic pleasure. We advise you to complete your evening in one of the restaurants where you can see a series of folklore performances, as well as taste the lamb on a skewer, washing it down with an unusual wine inherent only in this area. But if the season and a lot of tourists arrived, we advise you to reserve a table in the restaurant in advance, otherwise you can be left without a seat!

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